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Navaratri History and Celebrations

In this year 2018, the festival of Navaratri starts on the 10th of October that is on Wednesday and ends on 18th October Thursday day

Navaratri is the festival of Hindu. It is the festival of nine nights and ten days. In Sanskrit, the word Navaratri means nine nights. In English, it is spelled as Navarathri or Navratri. This festival is celebrated in the honor of the divine feminine Devi Durga. It is celebrated in the month of September and October. According to the Hindu calendar, this festival is celebrated in the month of Ashvin which is typically the starting of the bright half of the Hindu calendar. This festival is celebrated in many different regions of India and in many different places there is a different belief for celebrating this festival. The most observed Navratri is Sharada Navratri among other Navaratri. There are total four Navaratri in a year and with great joy and enthusiasm, people used to celebrate this festival.

Happy Navaratri Day

People used to dress in a traditional manner including men and women. Each night there used to be a classical dance at many places in cities. This dance is called Garba. Both boys and girls dance together on classical music. In some places, there is also competition between boys and girls to see who wins. And who can dance better whether a boy or a girl. And a person who wins in this competition prizes is given to him/her. Each night of the nine days there used to be competition and every night mostly the prizes are different for every night. Not only this there is also a huge set up of markets including things like traditional books, photos, and statues of Devi Durga and Lord Ganesha and many different items of Jewellery and household stationery. Including all this there is also a huge set up of lighting on the roads and stages are decorated and the statues of the Devi Durga is placed in it. During this nine days, pooja is held on the stage and elder people used to tell the story of the Devi Durga. In a traditional way, this pooja is called as Durga Puja. In many other states of India, this Durga Puja is synonymous with Navratri. It is believed that the goddess Durga fights with the demon of buffalo called Yamraj in order to restore Dharma.

After the nine days of Navarathri, the last day is the most important day. The tenth day which is also called the Vijayadashami or Dussehra. On this day the statues of the Devi Durga is immersed in water. People used to dance and there was also a band party whose job is to play music. On this same day, people used to burn the statues of the evil god Ravana indicating the victory of good over evil. While burning of the statue of the evil god Ravana there is also a fireworks celebration. People used to celebrate the burning of the statues with loud noise and with very happily distribute the sweets among their relatives. It is believed that all evil in the world is getting destroyed while the statue is getting burned.

Every Year we are Celebrated Four Navaratri

In a year there are total four Navaratri. Their names are Vasanta Navaratri, Sharada Navaratri, Madha Navaratri, and Ashada Navaratri. Out of all this Navaratri, the Sharada Navaratri falls in the month of September and October and is the only Navaratri that is celebrated with more joy and decorations. In Hindu traditional text such as Puranas the festival Navaratri occurs twice or four times in a year. In Vaishnava Puranas it occurs four times in a year and in Shakta Puranas, Navaratri occurs twice in a year. Each Navaratri is celebrated in different ways in different regions in India.

    • 1. Sharada Navaratri
  • 2. Vasanta Navaratri
  • 3. Magha Navaratri
  • 4. Ashada Navaratri

1. Sharada Navaratri

It is the most important of the four Navaratri. The Navaratri was named after the word Sharada which means autumn as it comes in the month of Ashvin that is in the month of October and September. In this Navaratri, only people used to dance and play gharba and the statue of the Devi Durga is worshiped. This Navaratri ends with Dussehra.

2. Vasanta Navaratri

After the Sharada Navaratri, this is the second most celebrated Navaratri in India. It is also known as Chaitra Navaratri as it is celebrated in the month of Shukla Paksha. That is in between the month of March and April. In the Hindu calendar, this Navaratri is the starting of the new year. In many different states of India, this Navaratri is celebrated in different form and name. Like this Navaratri is called as Navreh in Kashmir and it is called as Gudi Padwa in Maharashtra. There is a complete story of King Virasena of Kalinga, Queen Lilavati, King Dhruvasindhu, King Yudhajit of Ujjain(father of Queen Lilavati), Rishi Bharadwaja and many more on how this Vasanta Navaratri came into existent.

3. Magha Navaratri

It is also called as Magha Gupta Navratri. This Magha Navaratri is also known as Shishir Navratri. This Navaratri occurs in the month of Magha. That is this Navaratri is celebrated in the mid of January and February month. It is believed that this period of Magha Navaratri is the very precious time for Shadhus, tantriks, and a person who want to resolve the problems including not working of the body parts, bad relationship, and many other materialistic problems. This Navaratri is celebrated mostly by individuals. It is seen that this Navaratri is mostly celebrated in northern states of India such as Uttarakhand, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and also in many parts of Uttar Pradesh.

4. Ashada Navaratri

This Navaratri comes in the month of June and July. This Navaratri is celebrated at the start of the monsoon season. The Madha Navaratri and Ashada Navaratri is known as Gupt Navaratri. This two Navaratri is not known to everyone but this is very important Navaratri for tantriks and sadhaks. This Navaratri is dedicated to the workship of the Maa Shakti, Maa Lakshmi, and Maa Saraswati. The first three days of this Navaratri Maa Shakti puja was held and the remaining six days were for the worshiping for the Maa Lakshmi and Maa Saraswati. In both of this Gupt Navaratri Ashada and Madha, it’s a strong belief in devotees that all your wishes can come true if you workship with a pure heart and with complete devotion to the goddess.

Why We are Celebrate Navratri 9 Days and What is Importance of Each Day

Columbus day was first celebrated in the year 1792. It was celebrated when Tammany Hall held an event to remember the historic landing’s 300th anniversary. The Italian and Catholic communities in various parts of the country began to organized annual religious ceremonies and parades in the honor of Christopher Columbus.

The 400th anniversary of Columbus voyage the Americans people were encouraged by the president Benjamin Harrison in the year 1892 as a patriotic festivities, writing, “On that day let the people, so far as possible, cease from toil and devote themselves to such exercises as may best express honor to the discoverer and their appreciation of the great achievements of the four completed centuries of American life.”

Columbus Day is declared as a national holiday in the year 1937 by president Franklin D. Roosevelt. It was a largely a result of influential Catholic fraternal organization, lobbying by the Knights of Columbus.

On every 12th of October was celebrated until 1971. But after 1971 it was changed to the second Monday in October. This day is celebrated with host parades by local groups and street fairs wear colorful costumes, music and Italian food will be there to eat. In many parts of America on this day, indigenous peoples are honor by setting up events such as dance events and lessons about Native American culture. There used to be many activities including pow and wows.

Day 1: Shailaputri | Daughter of Mountain

The first day of this festival is dedicated in the workship of the goddess Shailaputri which means the daughter of Mountain. This day is also known as Pratipada. Basically, it is the worshipping of the goddess Parvati. (Shailaputri is the incarnation of the god Parvati)

In the true sense, Shailaputri is the incarnation of the Mahakali. Mahakali is the Hindu goddess. Mahakali is the consort of Shiva and it is usually depicted as the god of destruction.

The goddess of the Hindu Mahakali is considered as the form of Adi parashaki the meaning of this is far from the time and space. Hindu people considered the goddess Mahakali as the god of death and time. There is no effect of time on the goddess Mahakali. The color of this goddess is black as it is the force of anger of Adi parashakti.


Mantra of Mata Shailaputri:

ॐ देवी शैलपुत्र्यै नमः॥

Om Devi Shailaputryai Namah॥

Prayer of Shailaputri:

वन्दे वाञ्छितलाभाय चन्द्रार्ध कृतशेखराम् ।

Vande Vanchhitalabhaya Chandrardhakritashekharam।

वृषारूढाम् शूलधराम् शैलपुत्रीम् यशस्विनीम् ॥

Vrisharudham Shuladharam Shailaputrim Yashasvinim॥

Day 2: Brahmacharini | Goddess who did severe penance

On the second day of Navaratri which is also called as Dwitiya worshiping of the goddess Brahmcharini which is also another incarnation of Parvati. This is the form, Brahmcharini in which goddess Parvati is unmarried and became Sati. There used to be the different reason for worshipping of different Avatars of the goddess Parvati.


Like this form of the Parvati, Sati also called as Brahmcharini is workship for the attainment of moksha and peace. In many Hindu scriptures, it is written that this form of Parvati holds a kamandalu and japamala in her hands. The message given was of the calmness and bliss. Many people says that the color of the sky on this day is seen to be Royal Blue indicating the energy of the calmness.

Mantra of Mata Brahmacharini:

दधाना करपद्माभ्यामक्षमालाकमण्डलू।

देवी प्रसीदतु मयि ब्रह्मचारिण्यनुत्तमा॥2

Day 3: Chandraghanta


On Tritiya that is the third day of Navaratri Goddess Chandraghanta is worshipped. In this avatar of Parvati called Chandraghanta it is said that after marrying to god Shiva, Goddess Parvati had decorated and made even more beautiful the forehead of Shiva having half-Chandra on his forehead. From this only the word Chandraghanta came into existence. This avatar of Parvati symbolizes the bravery and the beauty. On this day the color of the sky is yellow.

Mantra of Mata Chandraghanta:

पिण्डजप्रवरारुढा चण्डकोपास्त्रकैर्युता।

प्रसादं तनुते मह्यां चन्द्रघण्टेति विश्रुता॥

Day 4: Kushmunda

The fourth day of the Navaratri the Devi Kushmunda is worshiped. In Hindu scriptures, the Devi Kushmunda described as having eight arms and sits on a lion. Devi Kushmunda is known as the creator of the universe and has the power to reside inside the Sun.


On each day of the Navaratri the color of the sky changes as it is described in Hindu scriptures. On Chaturthi that is the fourth day of Navaratri, the color of the sky is observed to be Green. It is because the Devi Kushmunda is responsible for the vegetation on the earth. And the green color of the sky depicts the nature of the goddess Kushmunda.

Mantra of Mata Kushmunda:

सुरासम्पूर्णकलशं रुधिराप्लुतमेव च।

दधाना हस्तपद्माभ्यां कूष्माण्डा शुभदास्तु मे॥

Day 5: Skandmata

Skandamata is the goddess which is workship on the Panchami of the Navaratri. The word Skandmata is the combination of the two words ‘Skand’ and ‘mata’ which means the mother of Skand also known as Kartikeya.


Kartikeya is the son of Shiva and Parvati and is the elder brother of Ganesha. Her description in the Hinduism is described as having four arms, carrying her baby and riding on a ferocious tiger. The Goddess Skandamata is describing the strength of a mother when her child is met with danger and with grey color it describes the nature of Skandmata.

Mantra of Mata Skandmata:

सिंहासनगता नित्यं पद्माश्रितकरद्वया।

शुभदास्तु सदा देवी स्कन्दमाता यशस्विनी॥

Day 6: Katyayani


The day six of the Navaratri is also known as Shasthi and on this day Devi Katyayini is worshipped. The incarnation of the Durga is Katyayani and she is the most violent in all forms of Devi Parvati. The Rishi Katya is the father of Katyayani and from this, the name Katyayani is derived. The color Orange depicts the nature of Katyayani which is courage. Her description is given as the Devi having four hands and rides lion.

Mantra of Mata Katyayani:

चंद्र हासोज्ज वलकरा शार्दू लवर वाहना|

कात्यायनी शुभं दद्या देवी दानव घातिनि||

Day 7: Kalratri


Devi Kalratri is worshipped on the seventh day of Navaratri. Unlike all the incarnation of the Devi Parvati, the description of the Devi Kalratri describes as having four hands and riding a donkey. To kill the demons Shumbha and Nishumbha the Devi Parvati removes her fair skin and embraces a dark color complexion.

Mantra of Mata Kalratri:

एकवेणी जपाकर्णपूरा नग्ना खरास्थिता, लम्बोष्टी कर्णिकाकर्णी तैलाभ्यक्तशरीरिणी।

वामपादोल्लसल्लोहलताकण्टकभूषणा, वर्धनमूर्धध्वजा कृष्णा कालरात्रिर्भयङ्करी॥

Day 8: Mahagauri


The color associated on the eighth day of Navaratri is Pink. The pink color describes optimism. The Devi Mahagauri describes peace and intelligence. This day is also known as Ashtami. The word Mahagauri is derived from two words ‘Maha’ and ‘Gauri’ which means great and white. That is Mahagauri means extremely white. The description of the Mahagauri in Hindu scriptures is described as having four hands and riding on a bull.

Mantra of Mata Mahagauri:

श्वेते वृषे समारुढा श्वेताम्बरधरा शुचिः।

महागौरी शुभं दघान्महादेवप्रमोददा॥

Day 9: Sidhidatri


The ninth day of Navaratri also known as Navami. It is the last day of Navaratri. This is the day in which people pray to Siddhidaatri. This Devi sits on the lotus and posses all form of Siddhis. She is known as the god of knowledge also known as Saraswati Devi. She has four hands. The depiction of Sidhidatri is also given as beautiful women dress in white saree possess all the knowledge and skills. She used to remove darkness from the life of the people by spreading the light of knowledge.

Mantra of Mata Sidhidatri:

सिद्धगन्धर्वयक्षाघैरसुरैरमरैरपि।सेव्यमाना सदा भूयात् सिद्धिदा सिद्धिदायिनी॥

Celebration in Different Parts of India

The festival of Navaratri is celebrated all over India. It is celebrated in different ways in different parts of India. Like there used to be Gharba, Durga Puja and many different types of rituals that are performed in different states of India. It is the festival in which the sound of dhol and music are can be heard on many streets in the city. Not only this there used to be Durga Puja.


Gharba is the traditional dance and it is the most significant form of ritual in the festival of Navaratri. In this dance, people used to wear male used to wear kurta Paijama and female dressed in Ghagra Choli. This dance is held in a ground and the whole ground is decorated with lighting. A circular formation is maintained by the male and female in playing gharba and in the center of circle music and dhol being played. This is carried in the evening of each nine days of Navaratri. The most popular states for the Gharba is Gujarat. It is most famous for this dance.

Durga Puja

Durga Puja is the most important ritual in Navaratri. Each and every day of this festival there used to be Durga Puja every 3 times in a day and after this only other ritual is carried out. The Durga Puja of West Bengal is very famous all around the World. There used to be a huge lighting and fire while doing Durga Puja. The statue of Mata Durga is decorated with gold and sindhur and wearing colorful clothes. The capital of the West Bengal, Kolkata the durga puja in this city is really amazing. Many people from all around the world visit Kolkata to see the Puja of the Devi Durga.


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